Marriage Contract Form
Few days back, when I was browsing, I found a video clip which was about the Muslim Marriage Contract Form (Nikaah Nama) with detailed information. I was anxious to watch so I started watching. Then, I got some articles regarding this on different websites.
I started reading thoroughly, and afterward I got the point that this is a most important contract of our life and we must know about it. Keeping in view, I decided to write about for the purpose of raising awareness among women. It sounds odd that most of the people signed their (Nikaah Nama) without reading its content. So, every woman has a right to know about the rights and responsibilities to protect herself.
Unfortunately, we’re a part of male-dominant society, where women are still facing numerous problems and unable to solve them. It is just due to the lack of awareness and the deprivation of rights. In fact, there’s a growing rate of women who are unaware about their basic rights of living. Besides, high divorce rate is also a major problem in our society.
So, when we talk about marriage and divorce, we can see different causes behind every broken family. And such families fight over petty things which create disputes among relationships.
Although, marriage is not just a social or religious event, but it’s a legal matter which is based on mutual commitment between two persons. As, every individual want to know about the terms and conditions before signing any contract. Likewise, it is also mandatory for every woman to be aware of all those terms & conditions of Marriage Contract Form (Nikaah Nama), which consists of 25 sections and all are crucial. Here is a list of conditions given below with proper details.
Section # 01- 05: Based on basic information about Groom in which (name, date of birth, age, and residential address to be asked).
Section # 06: It’s important section in which Bride’s age to be asked because, legally if a girl is below 18 can’t be married.
Section # 07-12: This part requires the detailed information of witnesses of bride & groom.
Section # 13- 17: In this section, all information is needed regarding the given Bride’s Mahar. Value of Mahar is also required, whether it’s being in cash or cheque, or if it is jewelry, then calculate the amount equivalent to gold item; because after wedding, a woman has a right to claim for the amount instead of gold.
Section # 18-19: This section is most important for women, because according to this part, legally woman has a right of divorce, but usually, this section is crossed out before filling and signing the consent form, so that a girl doesn’t ask about it.
In this way, the wife is unable to seek divorce without intervention of the court. In this situation, a wife has only right to take Khula (separation) through the court.
Section # 20: This section is about the details of overall monthly expenses & monetary allowances. A wife can demand this after divorce & separation as well, and a groom has to pay at any cost.
Section # 21: This section is about the marital status of a groom. It is important to include all the information regarding groom’s first marriage or divorce or in case of second marriage, the permission from his first wife is also required for second marriage.
Section # 22-25: This part includes, the date, time, name, and signature of witnesses of both sides are recorded.
According to the conditions of marriage contract form, a woman possess her rights but as you can see in section # 06, people denied this, and they committed forced marriages in early age of girls.
In section # 18-19, you can see that a woman has a right to seek divorce, but because of societal norm, this section is crossed out before filling/signing the form. This is the evidence of injustice to weaken the woman which is a deliberate act to insecure them. Moreover, we can see the large number of cases of violation of women’s rights, which is the leading cause of divorce. This is a huge stigma for our country.
This major problem requires more consideration under the proper law and orders of our country. In this regard, Government should consider & take some practical initiatives to mitigate the issue and empowers the women, so that they can fight for their rights.
Writer: Pirah Aijaz Memon, Karachi (Pakistan)