Gender violence, law and power
Custom and law as cultural concept had a dichotomous as well as a dialectical relationship in anthropology. It has been variously suggested that an analytical separation and, at other times, an overlapping and intertwining relationship exits between custom and law.
Although the custom of putting people to death for sexual transgression is known to occur all over rural Pakistan, upper sindh is identified as the region in which karo-kari is most prevalent.
Upper sindh stands put as a conceptual postcolonial frontier where the indirect policy of the state is implicit and extreme violence is seemingly legitimized through law and formal power.
In upper sindh, not a single day passes without reports of killing of a woman under the ostensible karo- kari slogan.
On average, approximately more than 200 cases occur every year.
The Sindh Assembly passed the Domestic Violence (prevention and Protection) Act on 8 March 2013.. The Balochistan Assembly passed The Balochistan Domestic Violence (prevention and Protection) Act on 1 February 2014. And the Punjab Assembly passed the Punjab Protection of Women against Violence Bill 2016 on 24 February 2016.
The landmark Domestic Violence (prevention and Protection) Act also passed in 2012 by the Pakistani Senate defines domestic violence as including, “all acts of gender based and other physical or psychological abuse committed by a respondent against women, children or other vulnerable persons…”
According to the definition attempt at assault, criminal force, criminal intimidation, emotional, psychological, and verbal abuse, harassment, stalking, sexual abuse, physical abuse and economic abuse as some of the actions that fall under domestic violence.
We have so many cases of honor killing, domestic violence and much more in which the recent case of domestic violence was reported on second April 2019 in Lahore as housewife Sonia came forward narrating her plight at Lahore’s Green Town Police Station.
According to the registered First Information Report (FIR), the victim has experienced mental and physical torture at the hands of her husband who, she stated, would batter her in a locked room and repeatedly poke her eyes with his fingers. She further alleged that she had also been a frequent receipt of death threats made by him.
Another case domestic violance case reported in Pindi Bhattian police on march 2019 arrested a man who cut off his Ex. Wife’s tongue and tortured her the other day
The Thompson Reuters Foundation conducted a survey that ranked Pakistan as the sixth most unsafe country for women. Sexual violence, non-sexual violence, human trafficking and discrimination remained some top of the list sources of violence inflicted upon women
In a report by the Human Rights Watch, it was revealed that activists estimate that about 1,000 honour killings happen in Pakistan every year.
According to Aurat Foundation, in 138 cases of 2018 ,51 women and 25 men were killed, adding that 30 women and 19 men were killed in the name of ‘honour.’ As much as 14 women committed suicide over domestic dispute while 21 women and eight men had been tortured to death in Balochsitan.
3860 women complaining in 2018 to the Punjab Commission on the Status of Women, which also received 5320 complaints of sexual harassment, another endemic social evil.
In May 2018, the National Assembly passed ‘The Acid and Burn Crime Bill 2017’. It promises free medical treatment and rehabilitation for acid attack victims and also expedites conducting trials of accuse.
Five years tenures of govt.Our National and Provincial assemblies makes laws and pass bills regarding women protection and for justice but despite all that, unfortunately till today our women are facing and murdering innocently at the name of karo kari or honour killing. It means government has failed to implement their laws properly, hence woman still suffering from gender violence.